Key facts you ought to know about Lyme disease to keep you safe and protected include the type and cause of Lyme disease, its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, long-term effects, and its prevention.
Lyme disease is an infection transmitted to man through a bite of an infected tick. The cause is a bacteria known as the Borrelia burgdorferi. It enters your body when you’re bitten and spreads to your brain, heart, more, and muscles. Lyme disease gets its name from Lyme Connecticut, where it was first identified after several children became ill.
Lyme Disease Uncloaked…
You may not show any signs of Lyme disease until it has come to the later stage. There is a period of anywhere from several weeks to a month after the tick bite before the onset of symptoms. These symptoms include a crimson rash appearing in a circular pattern around the tick bite site. With Lyme disease you’ll feel much as if you came down with the flu In advanced stages symptoms may include swelling of the lymph glands, as well as numbness in the lower extremities. Other more serious complications will later occur if Lyme disease isn’t immediately diagnosed and treated.
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Once you begin to experience symptoms of Lyme disease, and you’re sure that you’ve been bitten by a tick, do not waste any time getting in contact with your doctor for an accurate diagnosis. When first visiting the doctor, he or she’ll look for any signs of a rash where the tick bite is. If you have been bitten by a tick but experience flu-like symptoms without a rash, your doctor will most likely conduct a blood test approximately two to five weeks after you have been bitten in order to ascertain whether you have developed Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria antibodies. As your immune system is going to react to the bacterial infection only after a few weeks to five weeks time, there is no reason in conducting earlier blood tests.
Lyme Disease?? More Considerations
The early stage of Lyme disease lasts the first four weeks after getting bitten by an infected tick. A bull’s eye rash, or erythema migrans, is a round and red rash that is a general indicator of lime disease. However, there are a great deal of patients that do not experience a rash after they’re bitten by a tick; so, you wanna know what the other signs of a tick bite are. Some of the chronic Lyme disease symptoms include headache, muscle ache, chills, fever, and swollen lymph nodes, etc. Anytime you know that you have been bitten by a tick, even though you have not experienced the appearance of symptoms, you should check your doctor right away in order to receive treatment and prevent complications.
If Lyme disease isn’t treated early or there are not any symptoms in the beginning in the initial phase, Lyme disease can progress into the second phase. This normally occurs between one to four months of the tick bite. Joint pain, muscle pain, headaches, arm and leg numbness, poor concentration, fatigue, loss of memory, conjunctivitis, and fainting are all possible symptoms in this stage.
Arthritis may be a sign of late-stage Lyme disease. You will experience redness, pain, and swelling in your joints, as well as stiffness of your shoulders, elbows, hips, and knees, as same as in smaller joints.
Once it was established that the patient has Lyme disease, the appropriate physician will give the patient with a prescription to help cure the disease. Antibiotics like amoxicillin, doxycycline and cefuroxime axetil usually treat Lyme disease if the medicines are taken early in the diseases progression, no more than three or four weeks after catching it. In severe cases, a combination of antibiotics may be intravenously administered for faster relief.
Lyme disease is a simple disease to treat. However, this illness isn’t easily identified due to identical signs and symptoms as with other conditions. One of these diseases that resembles Lyme disease is Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Lyme disease sufferers and their medical team both have to establish the right disease for the appropriate and prompt treatment.
One of the common indications of Lyme disease is a skin rash on the bitten area of the body. This rash will show up in a few days to 30 days shortly after the tick makes its infectious bite. The size of the rash may likewise be as big as twelve inches in diameter, and have the emergence of a bulls-eye; being round in shape, as well as with the outer part reddish in color and the interior part white. In comparison to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which won’t have signs of such a rash. The bulls-eye rash is unique to Lyme disease.
While the person having Lyme disease has developed the rash, he’ll also experience feelings of heaviness; along with swollen glands, fever, chills, and headache. Medical professionals state that those who’ve amyotrophic lateral sclerosis will also experience fatigue or body weakness. The difference with the two illnesses is that the heaviness suffered by those with the latter is felt that on a specific portion of the body. This is in contrast to Lyme disease. With Lyme disease, the patient will have overall body malaise. This will eventually improve over time, in particular with the medication and therapy of the disease. In amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the fatigue feelings increase in degree as the illness advances.
Lyme disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis can both cause muscular problems, such as rigidity and muscle contractions. Bell’s palsy can sometimes happen to individuals suffering from Lyme disease based on a report prepared by the CDC. Bell’s palsy is a facial paralysis, where either or both parts of the face lose muscular tone and strength. The same illness can also torment the sufferer with neck muscle rigidity aside from that. In the early stages of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the sufferer will endure the same muscular manifestations as those related with Lyme disease; which are stiffness, muscle cramping, and contractions. These muscular problems may affect the various parts of the body, such as arms, the legs, and the face; making it tough for the patient to ingest or talk. Additionally, the sufferer of the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis will have increasing muscular pain and discomfort as his disease progresses and extends to other areas of his body.
Those who’re having Lyme disease and refuse to get immediate treatment will gradually experience arthritis and joint pain. Arthritis or swelling of the joints in Lyme disease sufferers usually occur only in the latter phases of the disease. The most common joints affected are those of the knees and other large joints in the body. In comparison with that of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, joint pains are likewise present. The distinction of the joint pains with the two illnesses is the fact that it manifests late in Lyme disease, and in the initial stages of the other disease. Joint pains in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are typically associated with the absence of use of that particular body part due to muscle discomfort and stiffness.
If Lyme disease isn’t diagnosed and treated immediately, you’ll experience more serious complications that will have an impact on your heart and your nervous system. Some of the possible symptoms are congestive heart failure, irregular heart beat, loss of memory, meningitis, numbness in arms and legs, paralysis of the face (also known as Bell’s Palsy) etc. Chronic arthritis and inflammation of the eyes might also occur.
Keep in mind that ticks can be located in wooded areas and meadows, so take care to avoid such areas during tuck season (late spring through early fall).
Always be on the lookout for ticks when you’re outside or right after you go in from doing something outside. The only way the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria can enter your system is if the tick has been attached for a period of at least 24 hours. This makes it imperative to rid yourself of ticks as soon as possible.
The possibility of Lyme disease shouldn’t stop you from going hiking or having fun outdoors. However, some ticks do carry Borrlia burgdorferi. It is important that you know how to avoid the infection. Investigate the symptoms, and consult your doctor immediately if you see any problems.