You see them all of the time in restaurants, areas, the library, movies theatres, coffee shops…really anywhere people typically go. But have you ever thought about what goes into training a guide dog (or service dogs, as they are sometimes called)? As you might expect, not just any dog can be given this important duty. The dogs selected undergo some very specific training so they will meet the needs of the people they are paired with.

A guide dog’s training period typically lasts about 20 months, usually beginning when the animal is 14-17 months old and has demonstrated the ability to understand basic commands like “sit” and “stay.” One of the main skills for guide dogs is navigating obstacles and learning to stop at kerbside. The dogs must be able to show initiative and demonstrate the action that would be the correct one for that particular obstacle.

This is a key skill for dogs that will be helping people with eyesight limitations. They are entrusting their safety to these animals, so the training must be precise and the dogs must pass very involved tests to confirm that they have learned the necessary skills. For example: the owner may tell the dog to go forward, but if there is a car coming, the animal must know when it should ignore that command and remain still.

When the dog has been assigned to a human partner, there is a getting to know you period where the two become used to one another. How this interaction period goes will determine whether the pairing will continue. These animal/human partnerships typically last for about seven years. At that point, the animal retires from guide duty and then lives out the rest of its days as a normal everyday pet, either with their regular human or with a new owner.

Even if you only watch a handful of movies each year, you have no doubt noticed that there are a lot of sequels. And remakes. And prequels. And reboots. What was old is now new. Constantly.

The concept of Hollywood going back to the well is not new, but the number of times is now unprecedented. Movies are more expensive than ever and so are marketing costs, so the major companies are looking to recreate past successes, rather than taking the financial risks involved in creating new ones. It’s a strategy that has paid off to some extent in the past, but this year’s numbers are not encouraging.

Superhero movies continue to deliver, but other franchises are definitely showing their age. Hollywood has increasingly relied on foreign box office to make up the shortfall when domestic audiences don’t care. Even that tactic cannot be relied on anymore, if TRANSFORMERS: THE LAST KNIGHT is any indication. Following a substantial opening weekend in China, the Michael Bay movie plummeted 74% in weekend two and another 75% in weekend three. Coupled with the reduced percentage Hollywood gets from that territory’s box office take (a measly 25%), these lower numbers will not make the difference.

Also, the marketplace is incredibly crowded. Big movies used to open almost exclusively during the summer and at Christmas. Now they bow almost every weekend and are frequently crowding each other out. A movie used to have a few weeks to perform; many now are lucky to have one, so those first three days had better be huge.

Anthony Hopkins and robot pal in TRANSFORMERS: THE LAST KNIGHT. Courtesy Paramount.

Ironically, two of the year’s most successful releases had a combined budget of $13.5 million. Universal’s horror thrillers SPLIT and GET OUT got solid critical response and each grossed over $100 million in the domestic market alone. The answer seems simple: less money, more creativity. But will Hollywood listen?



Testing for Marijuana Use in the Workplace. Marijuana will be legal in Canada by July 2018. How will your workplace adapt?

With legalization less than a year away, provincial governments and law enforcement agencies are contemplating the challenges it presents. Much as been said about this in terms of public health, law enforcement, and the health and safety of Canadian youth.

One overlooked aspect of the marijuana legalization discussion has been how it will impact workplaces. It’s likely that easier access to marijuana will lead to greater consumption. One study estimates that there will be 600,000 new marijuana users once the drug is legal.

This raises concerns about workplace safety. More cannabis users means a great chance of workers coming to work under the influence. Within hours of consuming THC, a person may experience delayed reactions, distractibility, and misperceptions of space and time. These effects can have consequences when it comes to safety-sensitive positions like truck drivers and machine operators.

One method employers use to address safety concerns arising from drug and alcohol use is workplace drug and alcohol testing. However, testing for marijuana use is not as simple as testing for alcohol.

Currently, there is no reliable breathalyzer-like device for narcotics, like cannabis, in use in Canada. When Canadian law enforcement needs to test a person for marijuana use, they usually take the person to the police station to be examined by a specialist, or order a urine sample.

Some companies, like Cannabix Technologies in Vancouver, are working to develop a ‘marijuana breathalyzer’ in time for legalization. It remains to be seen whether these devices will work. For now, the best way to detect THC is an oral fluid test, urine test, or testing for drugs through blood.

Another challenge comes from the fact that testing for marijuana use does not necessarily test for impairment. Unlike blood-alcohol measurements, there are no legally recognized quantitative levels of THC. Blood and oral fluid testing can show a likelihood of impairment during certain time windows, but it is imprecise.

Developing an effective workplace drug testing policy takes time. If you have concerns about drug use in the workplace, you should begin consulting with human resource and legal professionals before the law changes next year.


The beauty and grandeur of the sea is unthinkable. Nobody has ever explored all of the sea and can say how good it is really. The underwater world offers plenty of surprises for those who wish to take a peek of its beauty. That is why, a lot of scuba divers are now in frenzy mode in discovering these treasures under the ocean. Most of them bring cameras with them to take pictures as a kind of remembrance for the ride down under the sea. You are likewise given the opportunity to share the memories with those people close to you for them in order to view the grand underwater scene that you’ve witnessed with the diving camera. Thus, you can get a camera down under the water. Just make sure that you see the factors that you’ll have to be taken into account in bringing it with you. See the best dive cameras.

The first thing that you’ve got to do is to check on the batteries of the diving camera that you’ll bring. Make sure that the batteries are fully charged. Keep in mind that you’ll have a chance to change the batteries while underwater since you cannot just open the camera. Thus, for you not to miss taking pictures or videos, you require to make sure that the batteries are fully charged. underwater submersible.

Not all cameras are waterproof so you may need to get a water proof housing for you to have a diving camera. There are different sizes of waterproof housing that you’ll see in the market so just choose the one that can contain your camera well. Read the instructions of the manufacturer on how to obtain the camera inside. Make sure that no leaks will occur as water may damage the camera.

The Other Side Of Dive Camera

The camera can have a little bit buoyant while under water. Thus, you need to ensure it to your body or else, it will just float away from you. Make use of a lanyard to secure the diving camera to your body. It is recommended that the house be tied on your arms or wrist so that you will be able easily use it underwater.

Apart from all this, try to secure some flooding insurance which will vary depending on the replacement cost of the house in question. If you have a camera that is priced at a lowly amount of $200 and it’s a basic camera then there might be no need. However if it is an $1800 Canon SLR, then everything changes completely.

While underwater, you might get unstable for sure so you need to position yourself well while you’re down under. The photos can get blurry if you move so much. Find a place down under where you can position well. Also, you need to make sure that there is sufficient lighting before you take photos or videos as there are suspended particles in the water that may have an impact on the lighting.

Having a diving camera as you dive under water is such a good idea to take good memories with you. A diving camera is such a helpful tool so that you will be able to share the beauty of the sea to others. In bringing a diving camera with you, you could use a guide so that you’ll have tips to follow. Always make sure that you’ve got the best  underwater video camera.

You didn’t start your life with a target of having bad credit. But things happen that you cannot predict, many times there are circumstances that are totally outside your control that cause you to be labeled with the ‘bad credit’ characteristic, such as a messy divorce, high unexpected medical bills, a job layoff, and various other things.

The problem is that there are credit repair companies out there just waiting to take advantage of you. These companies will tell you that they are able to eliminate all bad judgments on your credit report, giving you a clean credit score. Of course, they charge a right for their services, and they do live up to their claims. What they do is contact your creditors and open investigations for everything on your credit report. While these things are in dispute, they’ll be derived from your credit report. This means you’ll actually see a higher credit score. Unfortunately, once the judgments are found to be valid, they’ll go right back on your credit report, putting you back in the same position, but only after you have paid the fees.

You can attempt credit repair on your own, or you can get a reputable credit counselor who’ll help you take on your credit report the right way. Your creditors do need to be contacted. A credit counselor may be in a position to better negotiate lower payments or a settlement payment for you. You will have the advantage of help on your side. This may help you take good care of everything even faster. Just be prepared to work towards your credit repair. You will have to deal with each item and see it through to completion. This means working with your creditors and paying the debts you owe to become current. With a settlement, you can get it removed from your credit report even quicker, but you will need to work together with your budget so that nothing else suffers. In time, you can repair your credit score and maintain it with vigilance and hard work.

And, of course, we must also consider….

But like anyone else, every now and again you need a personal loan. You know you have bad credit so you do not want to go as part of the process of getting rejection after rejection, since that plays havoc with your self-esteem and self-image. You really do not have anything of much value that you own that could serve as collateral, so getting a secured personal loan isn’t much of an option for you, even though bad credit is frequently overlooked or significantly downplayed if you’re putting up collateral on a personal loan.

Digging Up Secrets About Credit Rejection

The key aspect of any application is to make sure what the lenders want to watch is included. If it is, then approved bad credit loans for personal use are much more likely. Sometimes rejection is needed before this is realized.

All applicants try their best to secure their application is successful. However, sometimes it is only after trying to secure a personal loan with bad credit fails that the perfect application can be formulated.

This point becomes clear through an example. Take an application for a bad credit personal loan of $30, 000 over 36 months which has been rejected on the grounds that the income of the claimant ($5, 000) is too small. Repayments of $750 per month might seem okay. However, the 40:60 debt-to-income ratio means the applicant only has $500 spare each month to meet repayments.

But without collateral, think about it  what is there about your situation that would make a lender feel comfortable in taking on what seems to be a high risk customer for them, on the basis of the information they’re seeing in your credit report? Or to put it another way, would YOU loan money to you? Even if you do get approved, chances are better than excellent that the interest rate is only going to be one click lower than highway robbery. These again reflects the danger that the lender is taking on you.

To get your best chances of approval for your bad credit personal loan, you should do some homework first. Yes it will take time and effort. However, the benefit of doing this could pay off in spades for you. You first need to have a copy of your credit report from every one of the three major credit reporting agencies. When you get it, review it carefully and file a dispute for any items that aren’t completely accurate. The majority of consumer credit reports contain errors, and when you go as part of the process to get those errors corrected, your credit may not really be as bad as you may think it is.

Next, start shopping for your bad credit personal loan out of the traditional places where you would get one. For example, you’re probably thinking that you should apply at your local bank, your credit union, or even at the loan office downtown. You can do only if you want to. However, your chances are probably better by going with an online lender. Many of the lenders who provide loans online will take the time to consider the reasons you have bad credit, instead of basing their decision only on the numbers they get back from the credit bureaus.

This makes sense because many people who’re labeled with bad credit are in this position due to unfortunate sets of circumstances, and not out of financial mismanagement. Many of these companies will take that into serious consideration, as opposed to your local bank where they’ll simply base their answer on the raw numbers they get from the credit bureaus.

Once you have your loan, be absolutely sure to make your payments on time or even ahead of time. Making timely and consistent payments is going to be your best bet to get your bad credit label removed. As things start improving, keep up with all your financial obligations in a timely manner. This is among the most important criteria for having an excellent credit score, which will get you the best rate on your next personal loan.

Merchant cash advance companies are slightly different than regular financial services. They target the people which includes both business and consumer alike, for many cash advance services. But with merchant cash advances, their primary targets are businesses.

Merchant cash advances also works in a somewhat different level than other financial services. Regular cash advance companies allow the withdrawal and payment of money either by ATM or just around the country in regular intervals. Now, with merchant cash advances, these companies lend money to other businesses in exchange of having a partial deduction from their credit or debit sales. The payment for the loan will most always be accompanied with an added interest, of course.


Merchant cash advance payment methods fluctuate in accordance with their client’s capacity to gather income unlike regular cash advance companies. This allows a much greater flexibility for a business that has gone for such services. These companies have no set time for the end of the payment of their client’s debt, as opposed to cash advances made from banking firms.

Nonetheless, these companies still fall under the financial service business sector. Therefore generating merchant cash advance leads has never been as easy as compared to other industries. The primary reason is because people are entirely careful of their funds; especially to the people who own businesses for themselves. Therefore, it’s much better to meet these potential clients face to face than having to speak to them through other means.

The merchant cash advance business is able to clearly hand out their proposals in both a visual and audible manner by meeting with the other business’ sales representative. The representative from the cash advance company can show business presentations and explain their schemes of payment to their prospect. Both parties can find a suitable mode of payment wherein both businesses can benefit in the procedure by having these meaningful appointments.

For a merchant cash advance company, opting just to buy leads can only be enough for the safety and growth of their finances. That is why these appointments exist that they may entice potential clients with their various plans and services. In order for these cash advance appointments to be set effectively, these companies can outsource their services into the pay per appointment telemarketing scheme.

This telemarketing scheme can be utilized, most especially by merchant cash advance companies, to set meaningful appointments without having to ask a huge dent in their budget. As the name for the scheme states, these companies only have to expend cash that is equal to the number of appointments to be set. No more, no less.

A lot of companies who’re providing Merchant Cash Advance doesn’t require any fax connection in their office to verify their identity. The companies just need the details which are shown in the application form in order to check your identity and can pay you the advance immediately if you qualify.

This is highly beneficial for such companies because they can gain a great deal of profit through the achievement of having to close deals with their prospects while still saving cash in doing so. Through this program, together with the immense capabilities of professional telemarketers, setting these appointments will become like a walk in the park. Highly trained telemarketers handle the b2b appointment setting campaign as they’re able to effectively and successfully search and qualify leads. Furthermore, they’re keen in detail that the two parties are able to meet at the desired date and time of the session to take place.

Pay per appointment is a very beneficial telemarketing program. It isn’t just for merchant cash advance companies but also to most known business sectors known to man.

Want to smooth out those crows feet around your eyes or perhaps get rid of those wrinkles along your forehead? Botox® and Dysport® are both injectable cosmetic wrinkle smoothing agents and yes, they both really work. Basically they temporarily relax or paralyze the muscles in the face that create expressions, such as frown lines between the brows, that over time result in visible facial lines and deeper creases. Undesirable lines become smoothed out giving you a more relaxed and youthful appearance.

Botox injectiosn are most often used on forehead lines, crow’s feet (lines around the eye) and frown lines. Wrinkles caused through sun exposure and gravity cannot be treated.

Botox® has been used effectively for cosmetic purposes in the United States for a series of years now whereas Dysport® has just been approved for use (although is has been used safely for many years throughout Europe, Brazil and more than 26 other countries worldwide) and is currently (as of July 2009) available at your doctors office along side Botox®.

The Details: Botox

Although they’re similar in function, they’re longer the same drug, they have different dosages and different possible side effects. It’s up to you to be informed when selecting between the two and hopefully after reading this page you’ll be.

Botox has an interesting history that all began with sausage in the 1820’s. A German doctor, Dr. Justinus Kerner began some experiments to determine what resulted in the deaths of some Germans who had consumed sausage. Turns out it was food-borne botulism. Then in 1895 Dr. Emile Van Ermengem from Belgium was the first person to isolate the bacteria, and in 1944 Dr. Edward Schantz cultured Clostridium botulinum and isolated the toxin. And finally in 1949, it was discovered that botulinum toxin blocks neuromuscular transmission. In the 1950’s and 60’s purified botulinum toxin type A into crystalline form was synthesized and it was found that small doses of botulinum relax muscles temporarily. In the 1950s the toxin started to be used experimentally as a medical cosmetic treatment on politicians, one of which was said to become the actor and former United States President, Ronald Regan. The 70’s and 80’s brought many experiments, mostly on animals with the toxin.

This Could Lead To Other Ideas

Finally, in 1989-a year after the company Allergen bought the distribution rights to the toxin-the FDA approved botulinum toxin type A for treating crossed eyes and spasms in the eye muscle. Soon after than Botox was born. As more research was carried out in the 1990 ‘s, it was uncovered that Botox temporarily cured excessive sweating and cerebral palsy. Then ophthalmologist Dr. Jean Carruthers noticed her patients treated with Botox were looking fabulously wrinkle-free. She and he husband, (a dermatologist) published a study on Botox’s ability to decrease frown lines and after that Botox took off as a cosmetic treatment. So much so that during the late 90’s they even ran out of it temporarily.

Botox is used in a dilute solution in treating wrinkles. This type of Botox solution is usually known as Botox type A and so far is the more popular and widely used one in this treatment.

Side effects are possible, as with any drug. Most people however, don’t experience any and tolerate the drug quite well. If side effects do occur they’re usually very mild.

Botox has been studied thoroughly in clinical trials. In these studies, common side effects included: droopy eyelids, nausea, muscle weakness, facial pain, dyspepsia, tooth problems, high blood pressuire, flu-like symptoms, such as a fever and chills, lightheadedness, weakness, hemorrhage, or infection at the injection site.

Some side effects with Botox, while occurring infrequently, are potentially serious and needs to be reported to your healthcare provider right away. These include but aren’t limited to: chest pain, difficulty swallowing, dry eyes, eye pain, or speech problems, double vision, signs of an allergic reaction such as rash, urticaria, itching, wheezing, swelling.

Recently there has been news of Botox possibly being able to spread beyond the site of injection, potentially causing botulism poisoning. Accusations against Botox earlier this year led the FDA to mandate black box warnings for the popular drug, however it is inconclusive with respect to whether or not this can actually happen as of yet.

Dysport is a lyophilized form of the botulinum toxin type, like Botox. The difference is that a vial of Dysport contains 500 Units of toxin and 125 micrograms of albumin, and is typically diluted to 200 U/mL. The Botox vial contains 100 Units of toxin and 500 micrograms of albumin, and is typically diluted to 25-50 U/mL. Dysport works along the same way Botox does by preventing muscle contraction and weakening the muscles.

The early 90’s when Dyspoirt first came into use as a treatment for muscle spasms in the UK. Like Botox, it was then discovered that Dysport could effectively remove wrinkles and facial creases as well, the treatment was distributed in Europe and several other countries all over the world.

Botox treatment can reduce the appearance of frown lines, forehead wrinkles and crows feet around the eyes. It can also be used in order to treat creases around the mouth. When performed properly it is expected to have a gentle relaxing effect while still allowing natural expressions like smiling and frowning. Botox treatment won’t reduce lines caused by sun damage and can only be fully effective on very deep creases.

In 2006, Dysport’s manufacturer, Ipsen, joined forces with the U.S. pharmaceutical group, Medicis, to distribute the product in the U.S. and Canada. The U.S. branding of Dysport was originally going to be Reloxin, but the FDA mandated that the drug be branded under its original name of Dysport. Most news and online sources, originally discussed it under the name Reloxin.

Currently Dysport is the only other injectable type in Botox’s class giving Botox some stiff and much needed competition. I say this because Botox is very expensive. Currently, the cost of Botox injections can range from $300 to $500 per treatment. The cost of Dysport, on the other hand, starts out more firmly near the $300 mark. (you can hope to save around 10% with disport basically) It would therefore make sense that over time if Botox feels threatened by Dysports success, the makers of Botox, Allergan, could wind up reducing the cost of Botox to remain competitive.

Side effects are possible, as with any drug. Most people, just like with Botox, don’t experience any and tolerate the drug quite well. If side effects do occur they’re usually very mild and the more common include: nose and throat irritation, headache, injection site pain, injection site skin reaction, upper respiratory tract infection, eyelid swelling, eyelid drooping, nausea, and sinus inflammation. These are all the same side effects associated with Botox.

I really couldn’t find any additional side effects or different side effects related to Dysport when I researched for this article.

Like Botox, the labeling for Dysport also contains a boxed warning about the potential distant spread of all botulinum toxin products to other parts of the body.

Botox and Dysport have been administered to over 21 million people during the past decade with very few complications. However, to be sure your results are of the quality you want and are also complication free, you need to be choosy in where you go to get the injections done. There are many out there, including physicians, who’re not trained in medical aesthetics, and who lack lack the training and certification necessary to ensure the security and splendid results.

Be wary of places the sell Botox or Dyspot by the area such as: forehead = $600, crows feet = $400 and so on. These places are usually ripping you off! You never know just how much of the good you’re actually having injected and whether or not it is an efficient and proper dose. Botox and Dysport come in UNITS. The unit relates to a measure of activity. Units are how doctors think about and use Botox.

A vial of Botox or Dysport comes with no fluid in it, just dried powder. The doctor’s office fills the vial with a degree of volume of saline to reconstitute the Botox or Dysport and draws up the amount to be injected into a syringe. Offices use between one and four milliliters of saline for this purpose. So, a one-milliliter syringe might contain between 25 to 100 units of Botox or Dysport. However, some offices dilute their Botox or Dysport much more. I even heard of one doctor who boasts of diluting a vial of Botox with 20 milliliters of saline, so each one-milliliter syringe contains only 5 units of Botox. This saves them money but costs you more so be wary.

There is a huge treatment difference in the results you’ll notice between 100 units of Botox or Dysport and 5 units of Botox or Dysport. So pin the office down. Make them tell you how many units they use and if they’re an ethical office, they’ll have no hesitation telling you.

Excessive sweating: Underarm sweating can be eliminated with Botox. The palms, face, and feet can also possibly be treated.

Migraine headaches: Migraine sufferers can get relief by getting Botox injections into the back or shores of the head, forehead or brow area.

Cerebral Palsy and Multiple Sclerosis :Recently, Botox has been used to treat people with Multiple Sclerosis as it lessens muscle contractions that cause spasms and stiffness. Botox has also served as for years to treat children with Cerebral Palsy-it relaxes the muscles that are in spasm..

Muscle spasms and eye twitching: Involuntary eyelid closure, face, jaw and neck spasms, vocal chord spasms, eye twitching, and even stuttering can be lessened with Botox injections.

Lift saggy breasts: Doctors in Europe and Canada are now injecting the pectoral muscles with Botox, to temporarily lift the breast tissue. Unfortunately, this only works on women with smaller breasts.

Sculpt the face: Skilled injectors, can use Botox to sculpt the face, turning up the nose, lifting the eyebrows, and puffing the lip out It can likewise be used at the parts of the mouth to slightly turn them up, and to ease the muscles in the chin, reducing the appearance of ‘golf ball chin’.

Relax bands in neck: As Some people develop vertical bands in the neck. This can be softened with Botox. The effect can also simulate a neck lift.

Prostate: Men who’ve had their prostate injected with Botox have seen a decline in its size. Relief from a number of the side effects associated with an enlarged prostate.

Overactive bladder: Doctors can inject Botox into the basis of the bladder to alleviate the problems associated with an overactive bladder.

Currently Botox isn’t FDA-approved for a number of these treatments and part of the uses for Botox have only been carried out on a handful of patients.