by Angela·Comments Off on Simplifying Balkan Endemic Nephropathy
A poisonous ingredient in a popular natural treatment is linked to the majority of all cases of urinary tract cancer in Taiwan, where using standard medication is prevalent, said a United States study Monday.
The most recent research discovered it can communicate with a person’s DNA and kind distinct biomarkers of exposure, in addition to creating signals within growth suppressing genes that indicate the carcinogen has actually been ingested.
In Taiwan, where previous research has revealed about one-third of the population has actually taken AA in the last few years, rates of urinary tract and kidney cancer are about 4 times higher than in Western nations where use is less usual, stated the findings in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
More Thoughts About Balkan Endemic Nephropathy
The time for fruits is better 2 hours after dishes or before sleeping, due to the fact that at this time, the blood glucose peak has already come down, and some fruits will certainly not influence the blood sugar to shoot up.
I hope you found that interesting.
The research was based on 151 clients with urinary tract cancer, of whom 60 percent showed specific mutations connected to the herbal solution.
Continuing The Balkan Endemic Nephropathy Discussion
In specific, after being ingested the acid forms a special kind of sore in the kidney cortex, as well as generating a specific mutational trademark in the TP53 growth reducing gene, said the study.
The US Food and Drug Administration warned of the risks of aristolochic acid in 2001 after 2 patients established significant kidney disease after using botanical products including its.
It truly is possible to obtain monetary support for drug and alcohol treatment. Rehab can be actually expensive, so this is a great way for those in dire have to get sober, regardless of income level. There are numerous facilities that provide help to those that can not afford the high cost of rehab. Sobriety should not be expensive, however unfortunately, is actually can be. For those that want to find out about monetary help for drug and alcohol treatment, there is much to be found. Let’s take a look at some of the rehab facilities that provide help for those that can not afford to get it on their own. If you think somebody you like is addicted, try to find the indication.
Betty Ford isn’t really the only option for those taking a look at monetary support for alcohol and drug treatment. Some of these types of programs are moneyed by local government agencies, so it can really pay to call your local court house. Look for out exactly what types of monetary help for alcohol and drug treatment you have available in your area. Given that this will differ considerably by area, your best bet is to contact your local government agencies directly. Try drug and alcohol treatment centers in Mississippi, or your city for financial help.
It Makes You Wonder..
There is a good chance you can get some complimentary help, which might be better than financial assistance for drug and alcohol treatment. Numerous areas have local Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous groups which are created to help you stay sober. This is not actually the like a rehab center, but it’s a good beginning for those that merely can not pay for the high cost of sobriety. It’s a practical option, and functions as a good option when you can not discover monetary help for alcohol and drug treatment in your area.
If you can not find adequate financial help for drug and alcohol treatment, look for support groups to join. You will discover numerous of these kinds of programs out there, even in backwoods. Be sure to be diligent in your search, so you can keep your alternatives open.
Treatment for alcohol troubles has been around nearly as long as alcohol itself has been a part of our culture. Centuries ago treatment included barbaric methods of imprisonment and malnourishment in attempts to help treat those who were in a consistent state of drunkenness. Today, a variety of programs exist that help people comprehend why they are consuming and help them find methods to put down the bottle and enjoy their life naturally. Many programs run with dedicated support system that will certainly remain the person seeking treatment for the rest of their lives. These support systems exist to help them get rid of temptations and to discover alternative methods of handling problems or stress aside from using alcohol.
You could be able to get monetary help for drug and alcohol treatment if you are in a union. Some unions have actually an integrated advantage concerning rehab for addictions. These kinds of programs aren’t always funded by the company you work for, however, by the union that represents you. Contact a union rep to see if you can qualify for financial support for alcohol and drug treatment through your local union. You might be surprised at just how much they can help you accomplish sobriety. You ought to have the ability to call your reps in self-confidence, as the information needs to be kept confidential. This could help to alleviate your mind, need to you be fretted about losing your job as a result of your addiction. Monetary support for drug and alcohol treatment can help you keep your cool as you deal with your addiction.
Have a look at your work policy manual front to back. Read it over carefully. Think it or not, some business can really provide financial help for alcohol and drug treatment for abuse. This is actually basically hit and miss out on, considering that just a couple of business will provide this kind of assist with abuse and addiction, however a couple of doing. Typically speaking, nevertheless, you could discover that the business is required to give you a leave while you fight your addiction. This could not be monetary assistance for alcohol and drug treatment, but it will a minimum of ease your mind that you can keep your job. Since lots of fighting addictions, lose their job over them, it’s good to know that there is a way to let your job offer you an assisting hand. When you battle your addictions, you will certainly require all the help you can get, even if you do find monetary support for drug and alcohol treatment.
If you have insurance, there is a good chance you have access to monetary help for alcohol and drug treatment. You could even have 100 % coverage, so the rehab could be complimentary. This is a great option to have a look at. Be sure to call your insurance service provider to see if you have coverage for abuse rehab. Lots of are rather surprised to learn simply how good their coverage truly is. This is a great way to get monetary assistance for alcohol and drug treatment for those in need of rehab services.
Make no presumptions with this one. Even if you have really poor insurance, you might still have some monetary support for drug and alcohol treatment coverage built in. If you are on a government backed program, you could really have great coverage to help you fight your addiction. All it will normally take to find out is a simple phone call to your supplier. You really could end up with monetary support for drug and alcohol treatment. If you have insurance, Rehab can be made economically.
As you look for financial support for drug and alcohol treatment, you are going to run into some issues. You might have to battle the insurance business, or truly face your addiction head on while discovering your options. If you are trying to find help and attempting to get into a rehab facility, you are taking a big step in the best direction. Make sure to keep your head up as you search for monetary support for alcohol and drug treatment. It may not be easy to find, however it is out there.
by Angela·Comments Off on Abuse Dwarfism Syndrome:123
I shall discuss the causes. However, before that let’s have a look at the symptoms. This will help understand the condition better and look around for the possible causes. The symptoms are kind of straight forward. You know the normal thickness of your lips as well as their normal color. In case of lower lip inflammation, you’ll observe the skin fold at the intersection of the mouth swelling. This will cause a huge lump and your mouth doesn’t close properly. Sometimes, the entire lower lip swells and makes your lip appear larger than normal. The color may shift to a deep red or may be bluish purple hue. The lip may bleed and will be extremely painful to touch. The normally soft lip, turns hard, rubbery in texture. Blisters may appear in some cases and the surrounding structures like lower cheeks too swell slightly.
Lower lip swelling can be temporary in many cases. The causes are many and dealt with in the following paragraphs.
Lower lip injury may give rise to swelling. You may have accidentally bite your lower lip while having food or eating something. Sometimes, it can so happen that you injure yourself while rubbing or washing your face. A late night beer bar brawl can also leave you with a swollen lower lip. Aggressive kissing can likewise be a cause of swelling. When your partner bites your lower lip in the warmth of the moment, it can cause tissue tear and swelling of the lip.
One of the most frequent causes of swelling on lower lip is allergic reaction. One can be allergic to specific food like peanuts, sun flower seeds, fish, lobsters, etc. Many people are allergic to dust, pollen grains, dander, etc. present in the environment. At times, an insect bite like a bee sting, wasps or hornet sting can also trigger allergic reaction and lead to swollen lips. When a person develops an allergic reaction it causes itchy lips, swollen tongue, tingling in lips and swollen lip as well.
Use of certain medications for hives, psoriasis, eczema, etc. can lead to swollen lips. This indicates the person has established a side effect to the drug and medication and should discontinue the medication under the supervision of a medical professional.
Acromegaly is a syndrome that occurs due to excessive production of growth hormone (hGH). It leads to soft tissue swelling that causes enlargement of hands, feet, nose, ears as well as lips. This condition commonly affects individuals in their middle age.
A group of metabolic disorders is called mucopolysaccharidosis. It occurs due to lysosomal enzymes that can no longer break down glycosaminoglycans. It causes development of rough physical features like flat nasal bridge, enlarged mouth, tongue as well as thick lips. There are many other symptoms connected with the condition, of which dwarfism is the most outstanding one.
Environment too has a role in swollen lower lip. Too hot or too cold a climate can lead to inflammation of lower lip. In case of extreme heat, the UV rays from the sun damage the lips and cause it to swell and become extremely dry and hard. Too much cold too has the same effect, causing tissue damage and swelling. Eating or drinking too cold or hot food and beverages too can result in a swollen lower lip temporarily. Smoking and chewing of tobacco also gives rise to the same. This is because tobacco leads to mouth or oral cancer and lips tend to swell due to growth of tumour.
Many times, cracked lips are an open invitation to bacteria and viruses to invade and cause infection. This causes painful infections and swelling of lips. Herpes virus is one of those infectious agent that causes blister formation around the mouth and inflammation of lips.
Deficiency of vital vitamins and minerals in the feeding can lead to swelling lower lip. In many cases, lower lip inflammation indicates deficiency of vitamin B.
This is a disorder that causes inversion of position as well as swelling of the lower lip. The cause of this condition is unknown and leads to ulcers, crusts, mucous gland hyperplasia, swelling, and abscess.
The inflammation on lower lip treatment generally involves application of ice compress on the affected lip. This helps reduce the swelling and treat the condition. It is also recommended to eat cold yogurt to reduce inflammation and avoiding any hot drink. Many corticosteroids and inflammatory drugs help reduce the swelling. If the swelling persists for longer than 5 days, it will be advisable to visit a doctor for more help. He will be in a position to advise you correctly about how to deal with a swollen lip. This is all about swollen lower lip causes. Hope you have found answers to what may have led to inflammation of lower lip in your case.
by Angela·Comments Off on Discussing Bent Bone Dysplasia Syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome and radial tunnel syndrome is nerve compression syndromes. Under such conditions, some (usually bone or connective tissue) by pressing on a nerve, causing changes in movement, sensation, or both. Symptoms include tingling, pain, weakness, numbness, or a combination. The diagnosis can often be made or confirmed by nerve conduct studies and electromyography.
In these disorders, surgery may be required to relieve pressure on the nerve, if symptoms are severe despite other treatments, or if there’s a persistent loss of sensation or weakness.
Bent Bone Dysplasia Syndrome: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a product of compression of the median nerve. This lies on the palm side of wrist (an area known as carpal tunnel). The median nerve serves the side of the thumb. The compression results in swelling or a bunch of connective tissue in the shape of a series of patterns on the palm of the wrist.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is common, especially among women aged 30 to 50 years and can affect either or both hands. Slightly increased risk are those who work requires repetitive wrist torque spread, such as using a screwdriver. Another possible factor is the consumption of a computer keyboard isn’t right. Prolonged exposure to vibration (such as using specific tools) has likewise been claimed to cause carpal tunnel syndrome. Pregnant women and those with diabetes, thyroid, gout or rheumatoid arthritis are at greater risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome. However, most cases develop for unknown reasons.
Because of nerve symptoms are strange sensations, numbness, tingling and pain under the first three fingers on the side of the thumb. Sometimes there is also pain and burning or tingling in your arms. The pain may be worse when sleeping on account of the place, and your hand. The muscles of the hand on the thumb side weaken and diminish with disuse (atrophy) over time.
Diagnosis is made primarily by consideration of the affected hand and wrist. A doctor may first perform nerve conduction studies (see the diagnosis of brain, spinal cord and nerve disease: electromyography and nerve conduction studies) to verify that the problem is carpal tunnel syndrome given special surgery.
Positions to avoid overloading the wrist or put more pressure on the median nerve. This includes actions such as adjusting the perspective of a computer keyboard, sometimes some relief. The use of wrist splints to keep your hand in a neutral position (especially at night) and take pain relievers often help. Treatment of underlying diseases (such as rheumatic arthritis or an underactive thyroid gland) can relieve symptoms.
Injections of a stay of steroid in the carpal tunnel can provide lasting relief. If pain is severe or if the muscle is atrophied or weakened, is surgery the better way to relieve pressure on the median nerve. A surgeon can cut the fibrous bands that put pressure on the nerve.
Cubital tunnel syndrome (ulnar neuropathy) is a disease caused by compression of the ulnar nerve at the elbow.
The ulnar nerve passes near the area of the skin at the elbow (‘funny bone’) and is easily damaged by repeatedly leaning on his elbow, elbow flexion for prolonged periods, or sometimes by abnormal growth of bone in the region. Baseball pitchers are prone to cubital tunnel syndrome through the arm of the extra torque required to throw a slider.
Symptoms include pain and numbness in the elbow and tingling in the cycle and little fingers. Finally, weakness in the arena and little fingers develop. The weakness may also influence the ability to grip with your thumb and index, like most small hand muscles are monitored by the ulnar nerve. Severe, chronic cubital tunnel syndrome cause loss of muscle mass (atrophy) and nail by hand.
Key facts you ought to know about Lyme disease to keep you safe and protected include the type and cause of Lyme disease, its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, long-term effects, and its prevention.
Lyme disease is an infection transmitted to man through a bite of an infected tick. The cause is a bacteria known as the Borrelia burgdorferi. It enters your body when you’re bitten and spreads to your brain, heart, more, and muscles. Lyme disease gets its name from Lyme Connecticut, where it was first identified after several children became ill.
Lyme Disease Uncloaked…
You may not show any signs of Lyme disease until it has come to the later stage. There is a period of anywhere from several weeks to a month after the tick bite before the onset of symptoms. These symptoms include a crimson rash appearing in a circular pattern around the tick bite site. With Lyme disease you’ll feel much as if you came down with the flu In advanced stages symptoms may include swelling of the lymph glands, as well as numbness in the lower extremities. Other more serious complications will later occur if Lyme disease isn’t immediately diagnosed and treated.
You might also find this interesting…
Once you begin to experience symptoms of Lyme disease, and you’re sure that you’ve been bitten by a tick, do not waste any time getting in contact with your doctor for an accurate diagnosis. When first visiting the doctor, he or she’ll look for any signs of a rash where the tick bite is. If you have been bitten by a tick but experience flu-like symptoms without a rash, your doctor will most likely conduct a blood test approximately two to five weeks after you have been bitten in order to ascertain whether you have developed Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria antibodies. As your immune system is going to react to the bacterial infection only after a few weeks to five weeks time, there is no reason in conducting earlier blood tests.
Lyme Disease?? More Considerations
The early stage of Lyme disease lasts the first four weeks after getting bitten by an infected tick. A bull’s eye rash, or erythema migrans, is a round and red rash that is a general indicator of lime disease. However, there are a great deal of patients that do not experience a rash after they’re bitten by a tick; so, you wanna know what the other signs of a tick bite are. Some of the chronic Lyme disease symptoms include headache, muscle ache, chills, fever, and swollen lymph nodes, etc. Anytime you know that you have been bitten by a tick, even though you have not experienced the appearance of symptoms, you should check your doctor right away in order to receive treatment and prevent complications.
If Lyme disease isn’t treated early or there are not any symptoms in the beginning in the initial phase, Lyme disease can progress into the second phase. This normally occurs between one to four months of the tick bite. Joint pain, muscle pain, headaches, arm and leg numbness, poor concentration, fatigue, loss of memory, conjunctivitis, and fainting are all possible symptoms in this stage.
Arthritis may be a sign of late-stage Lyme disease. You will experience redness, pain, and swelling in your joints, as well as stiffness of your shoulders, elbows, hips, and knees, as same as in smaller joints.
Once it was established that the patient has Lyme disease, the appropriate physician will give the patient with a prescription to help cure the disease. Antibiotics like amoxicillin, doxycycline and cefuroxime axetil usually treat Lyme disease if the medicines are taken early in the diseases progression, no more than three or four weeks after catching it. In severe cases, a combination of antibiotics may be intravenously administered for faster relief.
Lyme disease is a simple disease to treat. However, this illness isn’t easily identified due to identical signs and symptoms as with other conditions. One of these diseases that resembles Lyme disease is Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Lyme disease sufferers and their medical team both have to establish the right disease for the appropriate and prompt treatment.
One of the common indications of Lyme disease is a skin rash on the bitten area of the body. This rash will show up in a few days to 30 days shortly after the tick makes its infectious bite. The size of the rash may likewise be as big as twelve inches in diameter, and have the emergence of a bulls-eye; being round in shape, as well as with the outer part reddish in color and the interior part white. In comparison to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, which won’t have signs of such a rash. The bulls-eye rash is unique to Lyme disease.
While the person having Lyme disease has developed the rash, he’ll also experience feelings of heaviness; along with swollen glands, fever, chills, and headache. Medical professionals state that those who’ve amyotrophic lateral sclerosis will also experience fatigue or body weakness. The difference with the two illnesses is that the heaviness suffered by those with the latter is felt that on a specific portion of the body. This is in contrast to Lyme disease. With Lyme disease, the patient will have overall body malaise. This will eventually improve over time, in particular with the medication and therapy of the disease. In amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the fatigue feelings increase in degree as the illness advances.
Lyme disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis can both cause muscular problems, such as rigidity and muscle contractions. Bell’s palsy can sometimes happen to individuals suffering from Lyme disease based on a report prepared by the CDC. Bell’s palsy is a facial paralysis, where either or both parts of the face lose muscular tone and strength. The same illness can also torment the sufferer with neck muscle rigidity aside from that. In the early stages of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, the sufferer will endure the same muscular manifestations as those related with Lyme disease; which are stiffness, muscle cramping, and contractions. These muscular problems may affect the various parts of the body, such as arms, the legs, and the face; making it tough for the patient to ingest or talk. Additionally, the sufferer of the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis will have increasing muscular pain and discomfort as his disease progresses and extends to other areas of his body.
Those who’re having Lyme disease and refuse to get immediate treatment will gradually experience arthritis and joint pain. Arthritis or swelling of the joints in Lyme disease sufferers usually occur only in the latter phases of the disease. The most common joints affected are those of the knees and other large joints in the body. In comparison with that of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, joint pains are likewise present. The distinction of the joint pains with the two illnesses is the fact that it manifests late in Lyme disease, and in the initial stages of the other disease. Joint pains in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are typically associated with the absence of use of that particular body part due to muscle discomfort and stiffness.
If Lyme disease isn’t diagnosed and treated immediately, you’ll experience more serious complications that will have an impact on your heart and your nervous system. Some of the possible symptoms are congestive heart failure, irregular heart beat, loss of memory, meningitis, numbness in arms and legs, paralysis of the face (also known as Bell’s Palsy) etc. Chronic arthritis and inflammation of the eyes might also occur.
Keep in mind that ticks can be located in wooded areas and meadows, so take care to avoid such areas during tuck season (late spring through early fall).
Always be on the lookout for ticks when you’re outside or right after you go in from doing something outside. The only way the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria can enter your system is if the tick has been attached for a period of at least 24 hours. This makes it imperative to rid yourself of ticks as soon as possible.
The possibility of Lyme disease shouldn’t stop you from going hiking or having fun outdoors. However, some ticks do carry Borrlia burgdorferi. It is important that you know how to avoid the infection. Investigate the symptoms, and consult your doctor immediately if you see any problems.
by Angela·Comments Off on Craving More Healthy Hair?
Anyone on the hunt for gorgeous hair accessories that will last, and that will not damage hair, may find a stop to the quest with Ketylo’s fine family of corkscrew hair sticks, hair forks, and combs. These beautiful pieces are all handcrafted from fine hardwoods, and are available in a wide range of sizes for all hair lengths and thicknesses. What sets Ketylo apart from all the other hair accessories available in the marketplace and has them in such high demand with longhairs? Let’s start at the start and explore a few of the details of these fine hair accessories.
Each and every Ketylo hair accessory is hand-carved in a unique corkscrew shape using a variety of high-quality wood. These include solid hardwoods like rosewood, walnut, more, and tiger maple. If you ‘d rather something a bit more colorful and unique, Ketylo carries an inventory of 25 different types of dymondwood. This is a mixture of woods that are carved to show off the unique color and grain of each. You can get vibrant colors to set off different parts of your wardrobe, or choose shades that blend with your hair for all-purpose everyday sticks and forks. Each item boasts an amazingly smooth, glass-like finish that will never catch or wear on individual hairs.
The corkscrew shape of Ketylo sticks and forks is engineered for security, maximum comfort, and health status of the hair. The shape is designed to easily work its way into hair and hold securely while collaborating with the natural contours of your mind to prevent pulling. Corkscrews don’t have issues with slipping like straight sticks often do, especially in more complicated up-dos, but likewise do not get tangled in the hair or risk breaking hairs as typical spiral sticks tend to do.
The primary issue with most hair accessories available in department stores, accessory shops and other popular outlets is that the majority of them are actually very damaging to hair. Plastic and acrylic combs and accessories have seams and rough edges that can slowly saw their way through hair, adding to breakage and making hair appear ragged. This leads to split ends and frizz. This is extremely discouraging if you are trying to grow your hair.
Many metal accessories have rough edges, designs on areas that are supposed to go into hair, or are improperly shaped for hair health and comfort. Improper shaping can add to pulling on the scalp, causing irritation and soreness. On the rare occasions that wood, horn, or bone are located in these stores, they’re often machine-polished and/or of inferior quality. This can leave rough spots or grains that are not sanded flush with the remaining part of the piece. Machine production makes quality control more challenging, making it less likely that natural weak spots in the materials will be noticed and culled before going to market.
Health and Beauty Secret 2-When it comes to using the hair dryer, try to leave this for special occasions also. When you do use it, make sure your hair’s wet and stop using it once it is dry. The reason for the reason for this is that it’s this drying of the already dry hair that causes the most damage.
That was the pair that I received for Christmas in 2005. I wore them every day during the first six or seven years I had them. They never showed signs of wear, never splintered, and surely never broke.
Finally, I decided that it was time to put a little of my own money into my hair, give myself a few more options for accessories so that I could match with outfits, moods, etc. I purchased the Dymondwood Indigo Royalwood sticks. The only thing I can say about these is– WOW. The pictures really do not do these colors any justice. In fact a few can make it difficult to understand all the gorgeous variation within each type. No matter your favorite color or mixture of colors, you are likely to find something just perfect in the wide selection of dymondwood sticks. These became my favorite immediately, and have been my ‘daily wear’ sticks since 2011.
I have yet to try Ketylo hair forks, though my sister has been using them for years on all her different hair lengths (she is gone from shoulder, to waist, and back again two or three times) and absolutely loves them. She has met with equal success with her purchases that I have with mine, which is no question why she was so insistent that I needed my own.Someday I ‘d love to have a LOT more of these goods, though the finances have not allowed for it. That said, in the time I’ve had my $50 worth of hair sticks, I’ve broken hundreds of hair ties and barrettes, and splintered or snapped ALL of my other hair sticks. My Ketylo sticks are still in like-new condition, except perhaps polished even a little more, while hundreds of dollars in other hair items are useless and gone.
Overall, if you are looking for hair accessories that are stylish, versatile, will last forever and will not hurt your hair, then Ketylo hair sticks and hair forks are definitely the choice for you. Yes, the price tag may be a little scared at first, but you will see that it really saves money and your hair in the long run.
by Angela·Comments Off on Central Nervous System – Elements To Consider
The nervous system is the main communication hub for the body in animals. It allows information to be sent around an organism and for it to respond to outside stimulation. Nerve cells provide the fundamental base of this structure and work in a coordinated manner to keep the body alive and functioning.
The nervous system is the communication network of mankind and other animals that conveys information through a set of specialized cells. Using this network, an animal’s actions are both intentional and autonomous in response to stimulus from the outside world. The various parts of the circulatory system are divided into a peripheral portion and a central portion.
Outside and inside stimuli are determined by the peripheral nervous system and translated through impulses that travel along neurons and connect with the central nervous system. In response to this information, the central nervous system processes signals and sends them to glands and muscles throughout the body. This system is strongly interconnected and complex. Various electrochemicals and neurotransmitters enable neurons to transfer information to one another. This interaction of the respiratory system is the main reason for an animal to keep a specific perception, and the ability to remain interactive with the world. These systems vary greatly in complexity between species.
Central Nervous System; More Info
The largest part of the circulatory system is the central nervous system. This portion is composed of the brain and spinal cord. The brain is divided into two main sections: the prosencephalon and the brain stem.
Moving forward with this idea…
The prosencephalon is the main portion of the brain, responsible for maintaining body temperature, reproduction, sleeping, eating and emotional displays. In humans and other advanced animals, it’s also the portion of brain that is responsible for higher cognitive functions.
The brain stem is responsible for passing information from the prosencephalon to the spinal cord and the balance of the body. It also controls motor function, sensations such as pain and temperature and regulates the respiratory and cardiac systems. This is protected under the skull as well as a number of membranes, together with the brain.
The brain stem performs different functions like sensing the vibrations, recognizing fine touch, pain, crude touch, itch, etc. This part of the brain is likewise associated with effective functioning of the respiratory and cardiac systems.
The spinal cord is a package of nerve tissues that runs along the spine of vertebrates. It is protected by a number of bones that form a long column. Its primary job is to serve as a relay center for neurological signals, however it is capable of a range of autonomic responses such as reflexes.
The spinal cord is made up of a thick bundle of nerves that connect the brain for the remainder of the body. The vertebrae, small bones, protect the spinal cord from injury and damage. Four types of nerves help to monitor the body. Autonomic nerves link the brain and spinal cord to organs like the heart and intestines. Cranial nerves connect the mouth, ears, eyes and nose to the brain. Peripheral nerves link the spinal cord with the arms and legs. Central nerves connect structures within the spinal cord and brain.
Nerve cells are the basic functioning component in the nervous system. Every part of the system, whether peripheral or central, is comprised of neurons that collect and distribute information to make the body function. Different types of nerve cells exist that meet the light, sound, touch and other stimuli.
The basic structure of a neuron helps it to carry out its function. Signals propagated by chemical ions distribute an electrical charge that proceeds from neuron to neuron, passing information. The nucleus is surrounded by the dendrite. This receives signals from other neurons or cells. This electrical charge is then transferred through the cell body called the soma and onto the axon. The axon is long thin part of the neuron covered by myelin sheath. This information then reaches the axon terminal and again transfers the electrical charge to another cell.
by Angela·Comments Off on Kawasaki Disease Options
Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases. Kawasaki syndrome is known as a systemic vasculitis. This means that it’s an inflammatory disease that affects the blood vessels. Specifically, it affects medium sized muscular arteries, like the coronary arteries which supply blood to the heart. It is this complication of the coronary arteries that makes this disease dangerous.
It isn’t entirely clear what causes Kawasaki disease. However, it is believed to be the outcome of an underlying infection. The most prominent symptom of Kawasaki disease is the change that occurs to the skin of the lips. The disease usually begins with a high fever that lasts several weeks. A few days of the fever begins, a rash is on the trunk. The rash usually consists of irregular red patches that aren’t itchy. The skin of the hands and feet may peel and slough off. Most striking, however, is the intense red color that the skin of the lips and tongue turns. Medical students often remember the symptoms of Kawasaki disease by the mneumonic CRASH and Burn. This stands for: Conjunctival injection (redness of the white portion of the eye), Rash, Adenopathy (swelling of the glands in the neck), Strawberry tongue, Hands and Feet desquamation (loss of skin), and high fever (Burn). Any or all of these symptoms is expected to result in an immediate journey to the emergency room. There are no laboratory tests for Kawasaki disease. Diagnosis is based upon the physical examination and clinical criteria though some tests can assist the physician if the clinical criteria are somewhat equivocal. Common findings include high white count, anemia, elevated liver proteins, elevated ESR, and low albumin (a form of protein present in the blood).
Treatment consists of IVIG early during the course of the disease and aspirin to reduce inflammation. IVIG is the short run for intravens immunoglobulin. Immunoglobulin is relates to the antibodies that our body produces to fight of disease. IVIG is simply antibody that has been purified and concentrated so as to be given to a person as therapy. It is used to treat many conditions including Kawasaki disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Cancer, Guillian Barre syndrome, and many other disease. IVIG has been found to reduce the impact of aneurysm in the coronary arteries from 25% to fewer than 5% if administered during the acute stage of the disease. Aspirin is used to address the general inflammation that occurs throughout the body. It is started at a high dose of 80 to 100 mg per kg per day. This dose is continued until the fever has subsided and is then reduced gradually. Aspirin alone isn’t sufficient to avoid the coronary artery abnormalities.
More Information On This Kawasaki Disease Topic!
Four to six weeks after diagnosis of Kawasaki disease, a transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) will be administered. This is simply an ultrasound, similar to the sonograms used in pregnancy. This is used to examine the coronary arteries supplying blood to the heart. The purpose is to screen for aneurysms and the reason it is performed several weeks later is because the aneurysms don’t form until then. Small and medium-sized the aneurysms can be followed with serial TTEs and will usually resolve within five years. According to the Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases, factors that are affiliated with regression of the aneurysms include small size of female sex, the aneurysm, and an age less than 1 year. If a large aneurysm is found, surgery may need to be carried out in order to repair it, before it ruptures.
An echocardiogram will be paid to a child with Kawasaki disease to observe the absence or presence of heart artery aneurysms while the child is found in the hospital and then a second echocardiogram will be administered a few weeks after hospital dismissal to be sure that no heart artery aneurysms have developed.
Kawasaki syndrome is a major disease that requires immediate attention. If your child exhibits any of the symptoms listed above, it’s important to go to the emergency room immediately. Early intervention is the key. Chances of recovery without complication are good with IVIG end the early administration of aspirin. However, without IVIG, there is a one in four chance that your child will develop aneurysms in the coronary arteries. The sooner the treatment is started, the more it is probable to have benefit. When in doubt, go to the emergency room more urgent care center and if the physician doesn’t specifically mention Kawasaki syndrome, if it has been considered. There’s no harm in asking.
Electrocardiogrammay also be requested to evaluate the impulses of the heartbeat the child’s as Kawasaki disease can cause serious complications in the heart as a coronary artery aneurysm.
Kawasaki disease is treatable but prompt medical intervention is necessary to prevent serious heart complications that are potentially fatal to the child. The success of treatment is in the early detection of the disease. The goal of treatment in Kawasaki disease is to lower the fever and the inflammation that can potentially damage the heart.
Source: Chapter 21-Vasculitides: E. Kawasaki Syndrome. In: Klippel JH. Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases 12th ed. Arthritis Foundation: Atlanta, GA; 2001. P409-413.